Occupation and Resistance

The Greek Agony 1941-44

by John Louis Hondros

On April 22, 1941, Nazi armies ended the heroic “NO” which Ioannis Metaxas had issued to Mussolini on October 28, 1940. Five days later, the Germans occupied Athens and unfurled the swastika over the Acropolis, yet the resistance to the Axis did not end with the defeat of the Greek army. The brutal Axis occupation generated a second “NO” in the form of the Greek resistance. This resistance sprang from the spontaneous acts of individuals of different political persuasion, but the Communist-led EAM/ELAS emerged as the only effective national resistance. The political threat posed by EAM/ELAS clashed with the prewar political world, which the resistance rendered redundant, and Great Britain, which supported the return of George II and his government-in-exile. As the prewar political leaders coalesced around Britain and the Greek monarch, Greece moved from polarization to civil war and to the defeat of EAM/ELAS in December 1944. This book, which is based on British and German wartime records, offers a provocative reinterpretation of this period in modern Greek history.

John Louis Hondros, educated at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Vanderbilt University, teaches modern European history at The College of Wooster, in Wooster, Ohio.

ISBN 0-918618-19-3    340 pp       Qty: